Friday, March 7, 2008

Liturgical Calendar

Though each calendar year there are seasons in which the church enters. You have have heard of them. Advent, Christmas, Lent, Easter and of course, Ordinary Time. This is how the Liturgical Calendar is divided.

The churches use this way to decide what readings are used, when Feast Days and Solenities are observed. IN the Catholic Church, they also have reading divided up into three year cycles and during that the entire Bible is read. Additionally the Liturgical seasons have distinctive colors, Green, Purple, Pink, White.

In both easter and western sects of Christianity the dates of the feast days may be vary from year to year. Things like Easter is the prime example. Easter's date is set within the Catholic Church by picking the first Sunday after the first full moon after the spring equinox. That sets the date for Easter, which you then count back 6 weeks and there you have the start of Lent.

Christmas is of course always on the the 25th of Dec and from there you could back 4 weeks and that makes the start of Advent and the week before that is the Feast of Christ the King which is the first Sunday of the Liturgical Calendar.

Now lets hop back to Easter a second. We now know how the date for Easter is selected. This also sets the date for the start of the long time period of ordinary time as well. Easter ends 50 days after with Pentecost Sunday being the last Sunday of the Easter season. And the period of ordinary time runs all the way though the Feast of Christ the King which starts the cycle all over. This why the Liturgical Calendar is shown as a circle where as it has no end


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